Home page of The Cochrane Collaboration

Cochrane Public Health Group

CPHG Reviews and Topics

Publication of Cochrane reviews

The CPHG is committed to making a difference to health inequalities and improving the quality and access to public health evidence for decision making and knowledge translation.

We support, edit and publish systematic reviews of the effects of interventions to improve population health and other outcomes at the population level, rather than those targeted at individuals. We are interested in topics that will contribute to both prevention and health promotion – helping government and non government agencies make an impact on communicable and non-communicable diseases, as well as health, wellbeing, learning and social outcomes.

We focus on interventions which aim to address the structural and social determinants of health, operating at the level of community, systems, policy, legislation and regulation.

We are hoping to provide a suite of reviews that will help answer questions that are relevant to improving health equity and reducing inequalities.

Many reviews will include interventions and contexts that operate outside of the health service system – such as education, transport, the built environment, agriculture, child care and social policies.

Education

  • Later school start times for supporting the education, health and well-being of high school students (read the protocol)
  • Interventions for enhancing the implementation of school-based policies or practices targeting risk factors for chronic disease
  • Interventions for enhancing the implementation of policies or practices supportive of healthy eating, physical activity, and obesity prevention in child care settings
  • Education support services for improving school engagement and academic performance of children and adolescents with a chronic health condition

Employment & the Work Environment

  • Flexible working conditions and their effects on employee health and well being ( read the reviewmedia release or podcast)
  • Workplace-based organisational interventions to prevent and control obesity by improving dietary intake and/or increasing physical activity (read the protocol)

Income distribution/Financial Interventions 

  • Welfare to work interventions and their effects on the health and wellbeing of lone parents and their children (read the protocol)
  • Incentive-based interventions to increase physical activity (read the protocol)
  • In-work tax credits for families and their impact on health status in adults (read the review or summary)
  • Unconditional cash transfers for assistance in humanitarian disasters: effect on use of health services and health outcomes in low and middle income countries
  • Unconditional cash transfers for reducing poverty and vulnerabilities: effect on use of health services and health outcomes in low and middle income countries (read the protocol)
  • Livestock development programs: effects on indicators of livelihood and health status for families in low and middle income countries (read the protocol)

Housing and the Built Environment

  • Housing improvements for health and associated socio-economic outcomes (read the review and/or one page summary or listen to the podcast)
  • Built environment interventions for physical activity in adults and children (read the protocol)
  • Interventions to improve water quality and supply, sanitation and hygiene practices, and their effects on the nutritional status of children (read the review and/or one page summary)
  • Housing mobility interventions to improve the health of vulnerable populations
  • Slum upgrading strategies and their effects on health and social outcomes (read the review and/or summary or listen to the podcast)
  • Interventions to reduce ambient particulate matter air pollution and their effect on health (read the protocol)

The Natural Environment

  • Interventions for reducing adverse health effects of high temperature extremes and heatwaves (read the protocol)
  • Community-based interventions aimed at engaging children and youth with nature: effects on their health and behaviours
  • Participation in environmental enhancement and conservation activities for health and well-being in adults (read the protocol)

Food Supply/Access

  • Staple crops biofortified with increased micronutrient content for improving vitamin and mineral status in populations
  • Interventions for preventing malnutrition in children (0-5 years) living in slum environments
  • Portion, package or tableware size for changing consumption of food, alcohol and tobacco (read the protocol
  • Policy level and environmental interventions for reducing the consumption of non-alcoholic sweet drinks among children
  • Interventions for preventing obesity in children (read the review)
  • Iodine fortification of foods and condiments, other than salt, for preventing iodine deficiency disorders (read the protocol)
  • Nutritional labeling to promote healthier food purchasing and consumption (read the protocol)
  • Fortification of condiments and seasonings with iron for preventing anaemia and improving health (Read the protocol )
  • Community-level interventions to improve food security in developed countries (read the protocol)
  • Community-level interventions for improving access to food in low- and middle-income countries
  • Fortification of rice with vitamins and minerals for addressing micronutrient malnutritition (read the protocol)
  • Fortification of staple foods with vitamin A for preventing vitamin A deficiency (read the protocol)
  • Wheat flour fortification with iron for reducing anaemia and improving iron status in whole and at-risk populations
  • Fortification of maize flour with iron for preventing anaemia and iron deficiency in populations (read the protocol)
  • Fortification of wheat and maize flour with folic acid for population health outcomes
  • Population-level interventions in government jurisdictions for dietary sodium reduction (read the protocol)
  • Food fortification with calcium and vitamin D: impact on health outcomes (read the protocol)
  • Fortification of staple foods with zinc for improving health outcomes in the general population (read the protocol)
  • Food fortification with multiple micronutrients: impact on health outcomes
  • Community-based interventions for enhancing access to or consumption of fruit and vegetables (or both) among five to 18-year olds (published protocol withdrawn)
  • Interventions addressing gender disparities in family food distribution for improving child nutrition (registered title withdrawn)

Public Safety

  • Interventions for preventing abuse in the elderly (read the protocol)

Transport
 

  • Road traffic infrastructure interventions for preventing road traffic injuries and fatalities among pedestrians and non-motorised road users in low and middle income countries

Social Networks/Support

  • Social cohesion and community building interventions in local communities for improving health and quality of life
  • Community wide interventions for increasing physical activity (read the full review and related news story and hear Podcast )
  • Environmental and behavioural interventions for reducing sedentary behaviour in community dwelling older adults
  • Interventions for promoting reintegration and reducing harmful behaviour and lifestyles in street-connected children and young people (read the review and/or one page summary
  • Community coalition-driven interventions to reduce health disparities among racial and ethnic minority populations (read the protocol)
  • Individual-, family-, and school-level interventions for preventing multiple risk behaviours in individuals aged 8 to 25 years (read the protocol)
  • Population-level intervention for preventing multiple risk behaviours in 8 to 25 year olds

 Systems for Health

  • Interventions implemented through sporting organisations for increasing participation in sport (read the full review)
  • Policy interventions implemented through sporting organisations for promoting healthy behaviour change (read the full review)
  • Interventions for enhancing the implementation of school-based policies or practices targeting risk factors for chronic disease
  • Interventions for enhancing the implementation of policies or practices supportive of healthy eating, physical activity, and obesity prevention in childcare services
  • Portion, package or tableware size for changing consumption of food, alcohol and tobacco
  • Collaboration between local health and local government agencies for health improvement (read the full updated review)
  • Service brokerage for improving health outcomes in ex-prisoners (previously entitled, Population level interventions for improving health outcomes in ex-prisoners) (read the protocol)
  • Community-based, population level interventions for promoting child oral health (read the protocol)
  • Knowledge translation strategies for facilitating evidence-informed public health decision making among managers and policy-makers (read the protocol)
  • Interventions for improving the use of the oral healthcare services by adults
Page last updated: Wed 4th Jun 2014 4:08:14 CEST